The possibilities of IT in the development of the activity of junior schoolchildren
The foundations of the development of society are now not resources, but knowledge. With the development of technologies, the process of obtaining information has changed. Today, the school is on the way of forming the educational information system.
Importance of technologies for education
The need to introduce new information technologies into the educational process is beyond doubt. Modern society characterizes the process of active use of the information resource as a social product in the conditions of functioning of a worldwide information network that allows providing access to information without any significant restrictions on the volume and speed of the broadcast information.
The process of informatization of the society is rapidly moving forward, and the school has no choice but to adapt it to the information age. Children need to be taught how to process information, solve practical problems, communicate with people, and understand the essence of changes/developments in society.
In the process of teaching at school using information technology, a child learns to work with text, create graphical objects and databases, and use spreadsheets. The child learns new ways of collecting information and how to use them. With the use of information technology in the classroom, the motivation for learning increases and the cognitive interest of students is stimulated, as well as the effectiveness of independent work enhances. Information technologies, in particular, the computer, open fundamentally new opportunities in the field of education, in the educational activities, and creativity of the student.
Computer telecommunications provide an opportunity to implement modern trends in the educational systems of many countries in the world. With the help of new information technologies, it becomes real to receive education not only by attending the classes but also remotely. The internet opens access to information in scientific centers of the world, libraries, which creates real conditions for self-education, broadening of horizons, and improvement of professional skills
The notion of information technology
Information technology of education is a pedagogical technology that applies special methodology, hardware (video and audio facilities, computers, telecommunication networks, etc.), and software to work with information. It should be noted that various types of information technologies have appeared and are developing rapidly.
Multimedia differs from any other technology, first of all, by the integration of diverse types of information in one software product, like traditional text, tables, illustrations, and music and animation. There is a parallel transmission of audio and visual information. This technology implements a new level of interactive communication between the person and the computer, where the user can move from one recording point to another, organizing a mode of questions and answers.
Today, hypertext technology is becoming increasingly popular. It has much in common with multimedia but differs in the nonlinear organization of the information contained. It provides convenient opportunities for working with text by highlighting key objects in them such as words, phrases, images, and the organization of cross-references between them. The reader can use the mouse to request clarification of terms and definitions. Along with graphics and text, there may be multimedia information, including sound, video, and animation. In this case, for such systems, the term hypermedia is used.
Virtual reality is a new technology of non-contact information impact that realizes with the help of multimedia environment the illusion of direct presence in real time in a stereoscopic screen world. In such systems, an illusion of the user’s location among the objects of the inner world is continuously created. Instead of the usual display, telemonitoring glasses are used, in which constantly changing pictures of events of the inner world are shown.
For the first time, network technologies came into the field of education with the introduction of e-mail, providing data transmission to a specific e-mail address with confidentiality.
Today, e-mail is widely used for communication between teachers and students in distance learning.
One of the most promising forms of organizing the learning activity of network technologies is a teleconference. A teleconference allows the teacher and student, often being far from each other, to organize a learning process similar to the traditional one. Here, the collective work of students in different localities, business games, and the method of brainstorming is possible.
The specificity of network technologies lies in the fact that they provide tremendous opportunities to choose information sources – basic information on the servers of the network, operational information sent by e-mail, various databases of leading libraries, scientific and educational centers, museums, information about floppy disks, CDs, video and audio cassettes, books, and magazines distributed through online shops.,
Means of telecommunications, including e-mail, global, regional, and local communication networks and data exchange, can provide the widest opportunities for training:
- Operational transmission of information of any volume and type on any distance
- Interactivity and operational feedback
- Access to various sources of information
- Organization of joint telecommunication projects
- Request information on any issue of interest through the system of electronic conferences
Thus, information technologies can be defined as the totality of electronic means and the methods of their functioning used for the realization of learning activity. If you need to write college admission essay on the importance of technologies in education, all the information presented above is very useful for you.
Information technologies of education create new opportunities for transferring knowledge, assessing the quality of education and, of course, comprehensive development of the student’s personality during the educational process.
A personal computer today is one of the most powerful and effective of all the existing technical means of teaching, allowing to significantly increase the cognitive and creative activity of students.