1. How many commandos are there in the Indian Army?
The Indian Army is known for maintaining highly trained and specialized commando units. As of now, there are various commando forces within the Indian Army, such as the Para Commandos, National Security Guard (NSG), and Special Forces (SF). The exact number of commandos can vary over time, but it is estimated that the total strength of these elite forces is around 10,000 personnel.
2. What is the role of commandos in the Indian Army?
Commandos in the Indian Army have a crucial role in conducting special operations, counter-terrorism activities, hostage rescues, and high-risk military missions. They are specially trained to operate in challenging and adverse environments, both within the country and in foreign lands, to safeguard national security.
3. Which is the most renowned commando force in the Indian Army?
The Para Commandos, also known as the “Red Berets,” are considered one of the most renowned and highly trained commando forces in the Indian Army. They form a part of the Parachute Regiment and are skilled in various types of airborne operations, such as airborne assaults and airfield seizures.
4. How many Para Commandos are there in the Indian Army?
As per recent estimates, the Indian Army’s Para Commandos consist of approximately 2,000 to 3,000 personnel. These soldiers undergo rigorous training, including jump training, combat exercises, advanced weaponry training, and specialized combat skills, to carry out airborne operations effectively.
5. What is the strength of the National Security Guard (NSG) commandos?
The NSG, also known as the “Black Cats,” is a specialized counter-terrorism force in the Indian Army. The NSG commandos, recruited from various forces, including the Army, maintain a strength of approximately 7,000 to 9,000 personnel. They are extensively trained to handle diverse threats and neutralize terrorist activities.
6. How many Special Forces (SF) commandos are there in the Indian Army?
The Special Forces units in the Indian Army are highly secretive and consist of personnel selected from different regiments. While the exact numbers are not disclosed due to security reasons, it is estimated that the Indian Army’s Special Forces units comprise around 5,000 to 8,000 highly skilled and trained commandos.
7. Are there any exclusive female commando units in the Indian Army?
Yes, the Indian Army has taken significant steps in promoting gender equality and inclusivity. It has established specialized female commando units called the “Mahila Commandos.” These units primarily focus on gathering intelligence, counter-terrorism operations, and maintaining law and order during sensitive situations.
8. How are commandos selected and trained in the Indian Army?
Commandos in the Indian Army undergo a rigorous selection process, which includes physical fitness tests, medical evaluations, and psychological assessments. Once selected, they undergo intense and specialized training programs, including advanced weapons handling, combat tactics, survival skills, and specialized courses in specific areas of expertise.
9. Are commandos deployed only during wartime?
No, commandos are not deployed exclusively during wartime. While they play a vital role in securing the nation’s borders during war, they are also actively involved in countering terrorism, conducting covert operations, executing rescue missions, and providing VIP protection during peacetime. Their readiness and effectiveness are maintained throughout the year.
10. Can commandos from different units work together?
Yes, commandos from different units, such as the Para Commandos, NSG, and Special Forces, can work together seamlessly whenever the situation demands it. These elite units often collaborate to execute complex missions involving multiple theaters and varied skill sets, leveraging their diverse expertise to achieve mission success.
11. What is the average age of a commando in the Indian Army?
The average age of commandos in the Indian Army may vary, as it depends on the specific unit and the rank of the individual. Generally, commandos are selected at a younger age, and the training period can range from a few months to a few years, depending on the unit and specialization.
12. Do commandos receive additional allowances and benefits?
Yes, commandos in the Indian Army receive various additional allowances and benefits due to the demanding nature of their profession. They are entitled to special force allowances, hardship allowances, risk allowances, and other financial incentives to compensate for the risks and hardships associated with their line of work.
13. Can commandos retire early from service?
While commandos have to fulfill the standard minimum service period mandated by the Indian Army, they may retire earlier than the regular army personnel. This is often due to the physical and mental exertion associated with their intense training and operational commitments. The specific retirement age may vary based on factors like rank, service duration, and injuries incurred in the line of duty.
14. Are commandos deployed outside of India for international operations?
Yes, Indian Army commandos are deployed outside of India for international operations as a part of various United Nations Peacekeeping Missions. They contribute significant manpower and expertise to maintain peace, provide humanitarian assistance, and support post-conflict reconstruction efforts in several conflict-affected regions around the world.
15. Are there any civilian career options for retired commandos?
Retired commandos possess a unique skill set and valuable experience, making them sought after in various civilian sectors. They can explore opportunities in private security firms, law enforcement agencies, corporate security, adventure tourism, consultancy services, and specialized training institutes as instructors, advisors, or security experts.
16. How do commandos maintain their physical and mental fitness?
Commandos undergo regular physical and mental training and conditioning to maintain their high level of fitness. They engage in rigorous physical exercises, endurance training, combat simulations, and specialized combat techniques. Additionally, they receive guidance from physical trainers, nutritionists, and mental health professionals to ensure their overall well-being.
17. Are there any entry exams or qualifications required to become a commando?
Yes, aspiring candidates interested in becoming commandos in the Indian Army need to meet certain eligibility criteria. They must qualify through the standard recruitment process, which includes age limits, educational qualifications, physical fitness tests, and written exams specific to each specialized unit.
18. Are there any commando training institutes in India?
Yes, India has established specialized commando training institutes to provide comprehensive training and skill development for commandos. Some prominent training institutes include the Infantry School in Mhow, Madhya Pradesh, the Counter Insurgency and Jungle Warfare (CIJW) School in Vairengte, Mizoram, and the High Altitude Warfare School (HAWS) in Gulmarg, Jammu and Kashmir.
19. How are commandos equipped in terms of weaponry and gear?
Commandos in the Indian Army are equipped with state-of-the-art weaponry and specialized gear to enhance their operational capabilities. They are provided with advanced assault rifles, sniper rifles, machine guns, high-explosive grenades, body armor, night vision devices, communication equipment, and other specialized tools and apparatus based on their specific mission requirements.
20. Are commandos trained in languages other than English and Hindi?
Yes, commandos often undergo language training programs to ensure effective communication during various operations. Along with proficiency in English and Hindi, commandos may receive training in specific regional languages or foreign languages, depending on the theaters of operation and the areas they serve in.
21. Can commandos be awarded with medals and honors?
Yes, commandos are eligible for receiving medals and honors for their exceptional bravery, distinguished service, and outstanding contributions. The Indian Army has various prestigious awards, including the Param Vir Chakra, the Ashoka Chakra, and the Shaurya Chakra, which are conferred to recognize the exemplary acts of valor and selflessness exhibited by commandos and other military personnel.
22. How do commandos contribute to disaster relief operations?
Commandos play a significant role in disaster relief operations conducted by the Indian Army. They are trained to respond swiftly to natural disasters, rescue people trapped in hazardous situations, provide medical assistance, and restore critical infrastructure. Their specialized skills and ability to operate in adverse environments make them invaluable during such crises.
23. Are commandos involved in intelligence gathering and analysis?
Yes, commandos often play a crucial role in intelligence gathering and analysis. They are trained in reconnaissance, surveillance, and intelligence-gathering techniques. By gathering actionable intelligence, commandos assist in identifying threats, planning operations, and ensuring mission success with precise and accurate information.
24. How do commandos maintain their operational readiness?
Commandos in the Indian Army undergo regular training and exercises to maintain their operational readiness. They participate in joint military exercises, mock drills, live-fire exercises, and simulated scenarios to sharpen their skills, teamwork, and coordination. Continuous training and assessments help them stay vigilant and prepared for any operational contingencies.
25. Can civilians visit commando training facilities or witness demonstrations?
No, commando training facilities are highly secure and restricted areas. Access to these facilities is limited to authorized military personnel and special guests, primarily due to security concerns and operational confidentiality. Therefore, civilians cannot visit these locations or witness commando training demonstrations without explicit permission and appropriate clearances.