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20-25 minutes Groups of 3-5 Make questions with Who, What, Where, When, Why, and How
Preparation for the Three Kingdoms Game:
For this game you will need to prepare 3 sets of cards:
1) Cards with question words including a card that has the word “China” on it. You should have 5 to 10 copies of each question word but only have one China card.
2) Army cards (with just the text “10 Attack Points” written on them). You need 30 to 40 of these.
3) Castle cards ( with just the text “50 Defense Points” written on them. You only need 10 to 15 of these.
Kingdom names can be written on the board and points tallied and calculated on the board as well.
You will mix up the question word cards and have them on the table for the students to come up and choose. You will keep the Army and Castle cards with you to give to the teams as they progress.
Game Play for the Three Kingdoms ESL Classroom Game:
- Place a number of cards with the words “Who,” “What,” “Where,” “When,” “Why,” and “How” face down
- Among the cards is a “China” card
- Divide the class into three groups and designate them as one of the ancient Korean kingdoms: Shilla, Baekje, and Goguryeo
- All “kingdoms” start with 100 points
- Groups take turns flipping over and one card at a time and make a question with the word.
- For every correct question they make, they get an “Army” cards, which has 10 attack points.
- For every third correct question, they get a “Castle” card which has 50 defense points. (adds to the 100 they started with)
- After making a correct question, groups can choose to take an Army card OR they can choose to use up their army cards to attack another group and destroy their points”
- When a team wants to attack you ask them: Who do you want to attack? Then they must respond with the name of another kingdom or if you want to make them use a full sentence (Ex. We want to attack the Shilla Kingdom)
- When they attack they give you as many Army Cards (worth 10 attack points each) as they have (or as many as they want) and the defending team will lose the same number of points. (Ex. Shilla has 100 points + 1 castle card so 150 defense points and Baekje attacks with 4 army cards now Shilla has only 110 points)
- Continue playing until one team has destroyed all other teams points and they are declared the winner.
- However, whoever turns over a “China” card will cause ALL groups to lose one Castle (-50 points) and ALL their Army cards! (essentially re-setting the game)
Variations to this ESL Game:
- Make smaller groups and include other “kingdoms” such as Gaya and Mahan
- If you are teaching in other countries change names
- For example, if you are teaching in China, you can change the “Kingdom” names to states or dynasties in Chinese history and have the “Huns” or “Mongols” as the killer card
- Include other question words, not just the standard who, what, where, when, why, and how
- Put grammar or trivia questions on cards
- Assign each group a “capital city” as a starter castle and city names or specific castle names to “castle cards,” this way you can also “Who do you want to attack?” and “Where do you want to attack?” or “What do you want to attack?”